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Poly Sutures for Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures
One of the most important aspects of suturing and wound repair is that doctors now have a much wider range of sutures to select from that will ensure correct tensile strength and suture characteristic for the specific procedure. This is very different than less than a hundred years ago when all surgeries were completed using the same type of suture that may or may not be a good option for the job. A lot of the types of sutures available now are synthetic in nature and are made to be very high tensile, easy to knot and hold the knot and also designed to cause minimum reactions by the human body.
Poly sutures are one such specialized type of suture. They are considered to be monofilament sutures and are nonabsorbable. This means that the poly sutures do not break down over time in the body, rather they are removed after wound closure and healing has occurred. This prevents concerns of the sutures disintegrating before complete healing, which can pose a problem with the natural types of catgut that have rapid absorption rates in the body. Monofilament means that the suture is constructed of a single filament which can pose problems should the surface of the suture material become damaged during the procedure. Avoiding any abrasion or damage to the thread is essential during stitching and after the stitches are in place.
The actual material used to create poly sutures is polypropylene. As a synthetic suture it is virtually indestructible, making it ideal for surgical procedures where there is high pressure and potentially slow healing of tissue. It is considered to be the go to option with any type of vascular or cardiovascular surgical procedures. The material is very well tolerated by human tissue and there is minimal reactivity even with large suture areas. For these reasons it is also used in cesarean section repair because it is so durable and allows the abdominal movement while still providing the tensile strength needed to hold the incision together. It can also be used or general closures, micro surgeries, plastic surgery and orthopedic surgery where a lot of stress and pressure can be placed on stitches during therapy and recovery.
Poly sutures are blue in color which ensures that they are easy to see and work with in all types of surgical procedures. Since they are synthetic there is little chance of a reaction from the body and infection is not considered a risk factor when using these stitches on internal layers of tissue and muscle. As with most types of sutures the polypropylene options are available in a variety of styles. This includes those that are pre-threaded on needles and cut to specific lengths. The size and type of needle will correspond to the correct diameter of thread, or there may be options to choose different diameters of thread for specific needle size. This is an easy to use preparation that is ideal for emergency rooms and surgical theatres. Other options include pre-cut sterile sutures of desired lengths or reels of material.